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Recognize the textiles fibers
 |  15/12/2020

Recognize the textiles fibers

Since few months, we purpose you some fabrics with a good quality, carefully selected in some luxury and high level manufactures.
The idea is to give you some cunnings for to confirm, with a burning test (match test) if your fabric offcut is in good quality.
With this test you can confirm and identify the fibres of your fabric, because all fibres burn differently.
This process can to be required if you find a fabric but you don’t know which quality is when you touch it and when you haven’t the composition. In this way, you will can to know if you have a silk fabric, a wool fabric, an acetate fabric, a viscose fabric or a nylon fabric, etc…

This test involve to display a sample of fabric near a flame and to analyze their way to burn, the generate smell and the rubbish produced by the burning.

Which furnitures for this test of burning?
Some fabrics samples (2cm by 2cm)
A container who can resist to the fire (for example, a big ashtray or you can work above of sink)
Some long matchs
A long pliers

How to make the test of burning?
Realize the test outside if possible or inside a airy piece and take away from some inflatables items.
Take a sample of fabric with the pliers and light it on the corner

Analyze the smell from the sample :
The burned cotton have a paper burned smell ans stay red-hot at the extremity go the burn
A similar smell of burned hairs indicate wool fabric or silk fabric; but the silk didn’t burn so easily relative to the wool
A dark smoke plume who smell the chemical or the burned plastic signify probably that the fabric is a mix of cotton/polyester

Examine the ashes after to be chilled
The cotton ashes are light and finest and become some dust
Some black and brittle residues, who mash under the fingers are most likely some wool remains
Some hard small balls are the residues of  melted synthetics fibres
Unravel another sample of fabric for to obtain a pile of threads. Hold them with the pliers above the container, approach slowly a flame toward this threads
The cotton fibres light as soon as the flame approach
The synthetics fibres coil on herself for to take away from the heat and have tendency to melt

Small report for some basics fabrics
The linen produce a residue similar to the one of cotton but burn more slowly
The viscose continue to burn once the flame is pulled out and didn’t rest red-hot
The wool burn slowly and crackle
The cotton burn quickly and leave a thin of ashes
The silk burn slowly and give off a smell of burned horn
The rayon and the Fibranne burn quickly and give off a vague smell of celery